Major depressive disorder, also called clinical depression, is a complex of symptoms that a sick person has for a long time. Mood, sleep, and even the human body, signaling that something is wrong, with constant pains, falls under the blow.
If you do not pay attention to this state of depression and try to justify it simply by a lingering blues caused by problems at work, quarrels with loved ones or just bad weather outside the window, the condition will only get worse. The result of this can be problems in all spheres of a person's life - both in relations with others, and in professional activities, and in personal terms. It is important to determine what it is exactly depression.
Postpartum depression overtakes women after pregnancy and childbirth itself are over. Of course, it is not typical for all young mothers, but cases when a woman is in a bad mood day after day, blames herself for everything that happens, experiences an acute feeling of loneliness and fatigue, and other dubious "joys" are not so rare. Everything is complicated by the fact that the woman's body, including the hormonal background, is restored during this period. But the new role of a mother, which has yet to be mastered, requires a lot of energy, so the support of others is very important. However, problems can overtake even those women who, from the first days of returning from the hospital, are surrounded by attention and care.
Bipolar depression is more commonly known as manic-depressive psychosis or bipolar disorder. It mainly begins to manifest itself in adolescence, but it can overtake older people. A feature of this state is that a person is literally thrown between two poles. On one pole there is an extremely sad mood, on the other - heightened activity, the level of which exceeds the norm.
Pole reversal in different people can proceed in different ways. For some, they alternate both with each other and with periods of normal mood. There are also cases when apathy prevails, while the “manic” pole is turned on quite rarely and, in principle, does not interfere with normal life. When everything happens the other way around, a melacholic mood visits a person less often, but excessive activity in combination with high (sometimes unreasonably high) self-esteem of others begins to even bother.
Bipolar disorder is the more dangerous, the more pronounced the extreme states. Deep longing can push a person to commit suicide, and "mania" often becomes the cause of various delusional ideas.
As the name suggests, the main symptom of seasonal depression is that it is tied to a particular time of year. There are two main types of this ailment: the winter type manifests itself in early autumn and ends in late spring, and the less common summer type shows itself in early summer, allowing a person to return to normal by the beginning of autumn. But in both cases, the state of depression manifests itself in the same way. This is fatigue, apathy, a bad mood that does not depend on what is happening around, a general decrease in activity and an unwillingness to do something, whether it be compulsory things like work, or a favorite hobby.
“Forewarned is forearmed,” says the proverb, and therefore many assume in advance the worst outcome of events. However, it is worth distinguishing between normal fears for one's own future, especially those reinforced by external events, from an illness called anxiety depression.
Unreasonable anxiety, combined with low self-esteem, makes it very difficult to live and make even the most basic decisions. Any thing is alarming, any person is perceived negatively, any atypical sensation in one's own body makes the imagination play a scene about a fatal disease. Naturally, such a state of depression greatly interferes with a normal life, especially if you remember that the outcome of any upcoming event for such people is negative.
Dystrophic depression is another type that is characterized by aversion to life. It can be expressed in different ways: sometimes a depressed person just constantly complains about how unfairly the world is, how prices have risen, what noisy neighbors he got, what a bright sun today - in general, a typical grump that will always find a reason. For others, the melancholy, apathy, and dissatisfaction characteristic of depression translate into aggressive behavior. At any moment, this person can detonate like a time bomb, and it does not matter at all what will serve as the spark that ignited the fuse of this bomb. For this type of disorder, motor inhibition is sometimes typical, reaching the point that a person categorically does not want to move at all.
A very interesting and rare type of depression, which is precisely characterized by the expression "laughing through tears." These patients use irony, joking at themselves, like a shield with which they are trying to repel the disease. This is how the brain tries to protect itself, and sometimes it may even seem that it is succeeding - exactly until the moment when such a person tries to commit suicide, unable to withstand his own state and not seeing the meaning in later life. It is ironic depression that is quite dangerous in this regard - a person remains active, tries to do something and even jokes while cats scratch his soul.
The concept of "anesthesia" is familiar to us from medicine - where anesthetics are used to reduce sensitivity. Anesthetic depression has this name for the same reason, because the main complaints of a person in this case are associated with the loss of their own emotions. The lack of a feeling of love for loved ones, the joy of life, worries a person very much. A depressed person feels as if he was wrapped in a cocoon from which it is impossible to look normally at the world around him. Everything around seems gray, lifeless, as if painted.
This type of psychological disorder has three components: lack of feelings, lack of sensations (for example, hunger or desire to sleep), and inability to fully perceive the world around us. In each individual case, all three components may be present in full, and one of the three components may also prevail.
Asthenic depression is otherwise called wasting syndrome. It is considered a fairly mild form of the disease, but this does not mean that it simply does not need to be paid attention to. Its main manifestation is fatigue, which has nothing to do with what a person is doing. Even in the morning, just waking up, he feels fatigue and a desire to rest more; by the way, it is in the morning that this state manifests itself most clearly, but in the evening a person feels a little better. Therefore, it is important to understand how to deal with depression.
A person's activity decreases, especially if the condition is gradually aggravated: if in a mild form a person can still perform his usual actions, go to work, even if through “I can’t,” then in a severe course of the disease he can hardly force himself to even wash and comb his hair ... This state of depression is reflected in the personality of the person himself, who becomes a pessimist, loses faith in his capabilities and ultimately becomes indifferent to everything that happens around him.
The somatized form of depression, it is also disguised, is a vivid manifestation of how our mind affects the health of our body. The brain in this case literally inspires a person how he should feel, and these suggestions clearly do not benefit the body. Such a person will visit doctors, undergo examinations many times, take medications, but the healing effect can be expected only when the human psyche becomes the object of treatment. Such typical manifestations of depressive disorders as apathy, indifference to what is happening, a negative attitude, in this case, are hidden behind manifestations similar to real diseases. This is a real depression, what to do with it, it is better for a specialist to decide.
Unlike the previous option, depression in illness is a consequence of some kind of chronic illness, so the causes of depression in this case are not only stress. Diabetes, arthritis, heart and kidney problems, and other diseases that accompany a person for many years, not only destroy the body, but also negatively affect the psyche of the patient.
The more difficult the fight against the disease , the more the patient is forced to change the usual rhythm of life, the more likely the changes in the psyche. It may seem that a bad mood in this case is logical, but when it comes to depression, it can not only spoil the general mood, but also aggravate the underlying ailment, due to which it appeared.
According to the international classification, there are three degrees of severity of depression. The disease can either remain in one phase or progress, which is especially often manifested in the absence of attempts to cope with the growing blues and unwillingness to do something. Treatment for depression depends on how severe it is.
This degree is almost invisible to others, because, if there are symptoms, they appear only slightly. The human psyche is able to resist bouts of despondency, so that he can be distracted by something else with almost no effort. The mild degree does not affect the working capacity, on the performance of various household chores, on the observance of the necessary hygiene - in general, the way of life practically does not suffer. To cope with depression in the mild phase, you do not need to visit a psychologist, because if you have a desire to decide how to deal with depression, you can really do it yourself.
The second stage of depression already has a more pronounced effect on a person's life. A depressed person devotes a lot of time to his own thoughts, and his colleagues, friends and family increasingly want to ask: "Why do you have such a face?" Everything has to be done through force, conflicts arise more and more often, sleep problems appear. Feelings of guilt and worthlessness are another sure sign of the second stage.
Severe depression seems to press down a person with its own weight and literally does not allow him to get out of bed. He avoids any contact, spending a lot of time alone with his own gloomy thoughts. It is in this state that people often refuse to go to work, do something around the house, even the elementary wash and brush their teeth seems to them a senseless action. The most dangerous consequence of this phase is suicide, which can lead to the lack of competent therapy and any help to a person.