Sexual dysfunction among women is far more common than is commonly thought. Many of them simply do not notice the signs of such disorders or do not know that these are symptoms of disorders. But even if they find sexual problems in themselves, women do not dare to turn to a specialist due to the delicacy of the issue or simply out of ignorance, which specialist should sign up for a consultation. In fact, with the right approach, sexual dysfunctions in women can be successfully corrected.
Causes of female sexual dysfunction
Sexual behavior disorder in women can occur for a variety of reasons. Many factors influence their sex life: upbringing, their own moral ideas, family values and attitudes. Fear also plays an important role in the development of disorders:
sexually transmitted diseases;
fall depending on the man.
Of equal importance in the appearance of sexual problems are resentments or feelings of guilt due to sexual dissatisfaction. Other reasons include:
systematically practiced interrupted intercourse;
improper behavior of the husband (partner) during intercourse;
negative experiences with sex, which lead to feelings of guilt, shame and low self-esteem;
emotional, physical, or sexual abuse during childhood;
strong stressful situations.
Also, the causes of sexual dysfunctions can be medical factors:
surgical removal of the ovaries;
depression and other mental disorders.
How do female sexual dysfunctions manifest?
The predominant forms of female sexual dysfunction are named:
Decreased libido (attraction). It manifests itself in a decrease in desire or loss of interest in sexuality.
Frigidity, or sexual coldness. Indicates the absence or loss of sex drive.
Anorgasmia (orgasm problems). It consists in the delay or non-occurrence of orgasm during normal intercourse.
Dyspareunia (soreness during intercourse). A woman feels discomfort or pain in the external genital area or pelvic organs.
Types of sexual disorders
A separate group includes imaginary sexual dysfunctions. They are manifested in complaints about sexual life in the absence of deviations for its implementation. Most often, they are associated with anxious suspiciousness, which is why a woman’s incorrect assessment of the changes in her sexual manifestations occurs, in which she does not take into account age and constitutional characteristics.
What other sexual disorders are there:
Genital. The woman retains subjective arousal that occurs during extragenital stimulation, for example, when watching erotic videos. At the same time, the excitement, which should arise directly during intercourse, is absent. This is especially common in the period after the onset of menopause or in the absence of variety in sexual life.
Combined. With this form of disorder, arousal does not occur with any stimulation. At the same time, the woman herself does not fully realize the whole problem.
Subjective. A woman is familiar with normal sexual arousal, but it is either very weak or absent at all with any type of stimulation.
Coping with Sexual Disorders
Interviewing the patient is very important in the case of sexual dysfunctions. The specialist needs to identify the cause and prerequisites for the problems. This can be a negative sexual experience, childhood trauma, etc. The following factors play an important role in the diagnosis:
Study of anamnesis, in particular, the presence of pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, drug use, etc.
Analysis of the atmosphere between partners: tension in relationships, the presence and frequency of conflict situations.
Analysis of sexual activity: the number of sexual contacts, the presence of disagreements and limitations among partners, etc.
Methods of sexual arousal: various types of stimulation, including erotic films, sexual games.
The presence or absence of orgasm, whether it occurs during sexual stimulation, if there is a feeling of satisfaction after intercourse.
Since the cause is sometimes a gynecological disease, a woman is sent for a general examination with a smear for microflora and venereal diseases. Additionally, hormonal tests are prescribed.
Treatment of sexual dysfunctions
Treatment methods for sexual dysfunctions are selected depending on the cause of their occurrence. Most often, therapy is complex and includes:
Taking medications: antidepressants, tadalafil and sildenafil drugs, hormonal drugs (in case of hormonal imbalance).
Building relationships between partners. It is important to build trust and understanding, in which a competent sexologist helps partners.
Psychotherapy. It is used when psychological problems are the cause of the disorder.