Diabetes mellitus is terrible for its many consequences. One of them is insomnia, which negatively affects the general condition of the patient. It not only aggravates physical ailment, but also provokes the emergence of various psychological disorders.
Insomnia in diabetes mellitus is a very alarming syndrome that should not be ignored. With a timely visit to the clinic, doctors will help to normalize sleep function, which will save a person from a number of serious complications.
INFLUENCE OF INSOMNIA ON THE BODY OF DIABETICS
By the evening, the human body gets tired, it needs rest, peace and sleep. However, for reasons that will be described below, many diabetics suffer from insomnia.
Sleep disturbance at night has a negative effect on the patient’s body:
The level of insulin production decreases;
Blood sugar rises;
A person already feels tired in the morning, because the blood in the vessels (due to the high sugar content) is very thick, which can be very conditionally compared with sugar syrup;
A tired person is not able to perform any work with high quality, including at his workplace;
Reduced mobility and motor functions.
A sedentary lifestyle, due to chronic fatigue against a background of lack of sleep, leads to an increase in the patient’s weight and obesity, which is incredibly difficult to get rid of. High blood sugar – to the possibility of blood clots, as well as the development of cardiovascular diseases.
CAUSES OF INSOMNIA
Insomnia in diabetes can occur for various reasons, both directly related to the manifestation of the disease (thirst, frequent urination at night), and general, related to various groups of diseases.
Some of the causes of insomnia in diabetes include:
External stimuli such as noise, high or low room temperature, lights on;
Feeling anxious or fearful;
Bad habits (alcohol, coffee or cigarette abuse);
Feeling of discomfort caused by other medical conditions;
Refusal from sleeping pills after taking them continuously for a long period of time;
A number of mental illnesses and many others.
In the overwhelming majority of cases, the causes of insomnia in both a perfectly healthy person and a patient with diabetes mellitus is a violation (displacement) of the alternation of the phases of sleep and wakefulness. This phenomenon is observed with a shift work schedule, flights or travel associated with a change in time zone, the presence of a small child in the family, who often wakes up at night.
Often, the cause can be menopause, premenstrual syndrome, disorders of the endocrine or hormonal system. Insomnia can be provoked by various medications used for diseases not related to diabetes mellitus (flu, tonsillitis, pneumonia, etc.).
SYMPTOMS OF SLEEPLESS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS
Sleep disorder in diabetes mellitus has pronounced symptoms.
Among the most common symptoms, the most basic are distinguished:
Frequent awakening during the night;
Waking up very early in the morning;
Weakness and discomfort;
An upset gastrointestinal tract;
A person who suffers from insomnia feels sleepy throughout the day. He is inattentive, makes mistakes in his work, gets nervous, gets annoyed for any reason and for no reason. As a consequence of insomnia – frequent headaches, anxiety, depression.
BLOOD SUGAR AND NERVOUS DISORDERS IN DIABETES
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by indicators of blood sugar taken from a patient on an empty stomach. At high rates, which can reach 20 or more mmol / l, a patient with diabetes mellitus may experience a strong thirst, prompting him to wake up. Also, high sugar levels provoke the onset of hypertension, the main symptom of which is headache.
Diabetes mellitus contributes to the disorder of the nervous system and the occurrence of various diseases:
Diabetic neuropathy (destruction of nerve cells).
Polyneuropathy – the sensitivity of the feet and hands suffers.
Violation of blood circulation of the vessels of the brain with subsequent stroke.
Atherosclerosis of the brain.
Vegetative neuropathy, characterized by pathological processes in the internal organs.
Due to the fact that diabetes affects small vessels (first of all), the full list of complications affecting the nervous, cardiovascular and other systems of the body is quite large and is not limited to the above examples.
DIAGNOSTICS OF SLEEPLESSNESS
Our clinic offers to conduct a comprehensive examination to identify the causes of insomnia. Our doctors usually conduct an initial physical examination to identify a specific predisposition. To determine the most accurate diagnosis, we examine the patient using hardware diagnostics:
We make a cardiogram;
We carry out an ultrasound scan;
We investigate the patient’s condition using magnetic resonance imaging;
We carry out a detailed and general blood test and other laboratory tests.
When participating in a conversation with a doctor, try to remember all the details as accurately and in detail as possible in order to give the most comprehensive answers to the doctor’s questions. A correctly made diagnosis will allow prescribing the most effective methods of therapy and drug treatment.