The word “depression” is one of the most popular.
Every person has used it at least once in his life, describing his condition.
Depression is often confused with other disorders, such as:
dysthymia – mood disorders
dysphoria – gloomy irritability and dislike for others
apathy – lack of interest in life
hypothymia – persistent decrease in mood and various activities
blues – agonizing boredom
deprivation – a sense of their own insignificance and uselessness.
This misconception is spread by numerous sources describing depression superficially, combining terms from different psychological schools and using the statements of specialists out of context.
In fact, even serious tragedies in a person’s life that cause grief, longing and despair do not always lead to depression. But at the same time, depression is one of the most common psychological illnesses.
Depression has been known since antiquity. The ancient Egyptians and Greeks were able to distinguish the subtlest signs of this disease. The ancient Arabs even treated “melancholy” in special inpatient institutions, using music therapy and other innovative techniques for their time.
Why do people suffer from depression?
If a person constantly experiences various negative emotions, has problems in relationships and financially, and generally sees his future in a gloomy light, this indicates that the life scenario according to which he lives does not suit him. He thinks chaotically and therefore cannot compose and implement the project of his life. All this leads to various depressive states.
When a person begins to understand who he is, what he is capable of, what he should strive for and how he can realize his potential, the colors of life return to him. He becomes energetic, cheerful and purposeful.
Different authors have compiled different classifications of depression, influenced by personal views and their psychological schools. For example, depressions were distinguished:
There was even a smiling depression among them.
The depression of higher nervous activity leads to the appearance of many symptoms. For example:
Decreased physical and intellectual activity
Weakening interest in what is happening
Anxiety and fear
Feeling of heaviness in the head, chest, abdomen
Loss of meaning and purpose
Suicidal thoughts and actions
Also, patients with depression may feel guilty, suffer from low self-esteem. Some of them feel that they are not needed by anyone, it seems to them that they are a burden for their loved ones.
Sometimes depression is perceived as punishment for past wrongdoing.
In depression, people experience anhedonia: they are not happy about anything, they tend to notice only the bad. A frequent companion of this disease is tearfulness.
A person with depression can easily cry for almost any reason, and even for no reason. And in more difficult cases, patients note the complete impossibility of relieving their condition with tears – they describe this condition as a fossil of feelings.
This state is accompanied by sleep problems: sleep becomes intermittent. A person suddenly wakes up, and in the morning he feels “overwhelmed”. Some people with depression hardly manage to fall asleep, they suffer from insomnia. Others, on the other hand, feel sleepy.
Depression takes away even such joy as the taste of food from a person. Food becomes tasteless, appetite disappears completely. Or, on the contrary, the body ceases to feel when it is time to stop: a person eats too much – “seizes” his depression.
Lack of sex drive, decreased potency in men and dysmenorrhea or amenorrhea in women may also be present.
Depression affects all areas of a person’s life.
Traditional psychotherapy and social therapy have documented cases where people have been cured of this disease without the use of medication. Sometimes she was treated despite the fact that the prescribed medications did not work.
This is possible through sleep deprivation, acupuncture, extreme cerebral hypothermia and transcranial magnetic stimulation, and many other techniques.
But usually, severe forms of depression (psychotic and subpsychotic) are treated with various antidepressants. These medicines are constantly being improved, they go back more than one generation.
But like any other medications, antidepressants can cause side reactions.
When a person chooses antidepressants on their own, they act at random. The danger of choosing the wrong product increases hundreds of times. Only neuropsychiatric specialists who have diplomas and have passed certification can choose the right effective medicine for depression.
Only a specialist can change antidepressants and adjust the regimen from admission. And only a specialist can control the effectiveness of the medications taken.
How do professionals work with depression?
Doctors don’t just prescribe medications. First of all, they show the patient that their illness is curable by explaining in detail the ways of cure. They work to eliminate suicidal thoughts and actions. People with depression often suffer from prejudices and unhealthy ideas that block their development and joy in life. Specialists are able to save a person from this.
Depression often affects people who are addicted or in a codependent relationship. In this case, the specialist plays the role of a guru, a spiritual guide, who leads the patient to a healthy life.
If you learned your condition from the described symptoms, you should contact a specialized specialist, diagnose, and follow the recommendations of a psychiatrist or psychotherapist.